Ligament stability bracing can be used to prevent injury or to protect recent surgical reconstruction. The stability of the knee joint involves 4 main ligaments:
Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL)
Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL)
Lateral Collateral Ligament (LCL)
Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL)
The ACL and PCL stabilise the knee in front to the back movement (anterior/posterior translation). These ligaments form a cross in the centre of the joint, hence their name ‘cruciate’.
The LCL and MCL are the ligaments on the sides of your knee. These stabilise the knee in side to side movement (medial/lateral).
For the knee to function effectively, all four of these ligaments need to be strong. A ligament stability brace can substitute for these ligaments by protecting the knee in the front/back and side to side planes of movement.